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# Training to learn All EXCEL functions

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Excel functions (by category)

Worksheet functions are categorized by their functionality. Click a category to browse its functions. Or press Ctrl+F to find a function by typing the first few letters or a descriptive word. To get detailed information about a function, click its name in the first column.

# Function categories

Our 10 most popular functions

Compatibility functions

Cube functions

Database functions

Date and time functions

Engineering functions

Financial functions

Information functions

Logical functions

Lookup and reference functions

Math and trigonometry functions

Statistical functions

Text functions

User defined functions that are installed with add-ins

Web functions

NOTE   Version markers indicate the version of Excel a function was introduced.

These functions aren't available in earlier versions.

IMPORTANT   The calculated results of formulas and some Excel worksheet functions may differ slightly between a Windows PC using x86 or x86-64 architecture and a Windows RT PC using ARM architecture.Learn more about the differences.

# Our 10 most popular functions

 IF function Use this function to return one value if a condition is true and another value if it's 's a video about using the IF function. LOOKUP function Use this function when you need to look in a single row or column and find a value from the same position in a second row or column. VLOOKUP function Use this function when you need to find things in a table or a range by row. For example, look up an employee's last name by her employee number, or find her phone number by looking up her last name (just like a telephone book).Check out this video about using VLOOKUP. MATCH function Use this function to search for an item in a range of cells, and then return the relative position of that item in the range. For example, if the range A1:A3 contains the values 5, 7, and 38, then the formula =MATCH(7,A1:A3,0) returns the number 2, because 7 is the second item in the range. CHOOSE function Use this function to select one of up to 254 values based on the index number. For example, if value1 through value7 are the days of the week, CHOOSE returns one of the days when a number between 1 and 7 is used as index_num. DATE function Use this function to return the sequential serial number that represents a particular date. This function is most useful in situations where the year, month, and day are supplied by formulas or cell references. For

Here are the 10 functions that people read about most. Function           Description

SUM functionUse this function to add the values in cells.

## Description

example, you might have a worksheet that contains dates in a format that Excel does not recognize, such as

YYYYMMDD.

Use theDATEDIFfunction to calculate the number of days, months, or years between two dates.

 DAYS function Use this function to return the number of days between two dates. FIND, FINDB functions FIND and FINDB locate one text string within a second text string. They return the number of the starting position of the first text string from the first character of the second text string. INDEX function Use this function to return a value or the reference to a value from within a table or range.

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# Compatibility functions

In Excel 2010 or later, these functions were replaced with new functions that provide improved accuracy and have names that better reflect their usage. You can still use them for compatibility with earlier versions of Excel, but if backward compatibility isn't required, you should start using the new functions instead. For more information about the new functions, seeStatistical functions (reference)andMath and trigonometry functions (reference).

If you're using Excel 2007, you'll find these functions in the Statistical or Math & Trig categories on the Formulastab.

 BETAINV function Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution BINOMDIST function Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability CHIDIST function Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution CHIINV function Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution CHITEST function Returns the test for independence CONFIDENCE function Returns the confidence interval for a population mean COVAR function Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations CRITBINOM function Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value EXPONDIST function Returns the exponential distribution FDIST function Returns the F probability distribution FINV function Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

BETADIST functionReturns the beta cumulative distribution function

 FLOOR function Rounds a number down, toward zero FTEST function Returns the result of an F-test GAMMADIST function Returns the gamma distribution GAMMAINV function Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution HYPGEOMDIST function Returns the hypergeometric distribution LOGINV function Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution function LOGNORMDIST function Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution MODE function Returns the most common value in a data set NEGBINOMDIST function Returns the negative binomial distribution NORMDIST function Returns the normal cumulative distribution

 NORMSDIST function Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution NORMSINV function Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution PERCENTILE function Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range PERCENTRANK function Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set POISSON function Returns the Poisson distribution QUARTILE function Returns the quartile of a data set RANK function Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers STDEV function Estimates standard deviation based on a sample STDEVP function Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population TDIST function Returns the Student's t-distribution TINV function Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution

NORMINV functionReturns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution

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# Cube functions

 TTEST function Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test VAR function Estimates variance based on a sample VARP function Calculates variance based on the entire population WEIBULL function Returns the Weibull distribution ZTEST function Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test
 CUBEKPIMEMBER function Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) property and displays the KPI name in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, that is used to monitor an organization's performance. CUBEMEMBER function Returns a member or tuple from the cube. Use to validate that the member or tuple exist in the cube.

s

## Description

 CUBERANKEDMEMBER function Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or the top 10 students. CUBESET function Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel. CUBESETCOUNT function Returns the number of items in a set. CUBEVALUE function Returns an aggregated value from the cube.
 DCOUNT function Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database DCOUNTA function Counts nonblank cells in a database

CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY Returns the value of a member property from the cube. Use to validate that a member functionname exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member.

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# Database functions

Function                          Description

DAVERAGE functionReturns the average of selected database entries

 DGET function Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria DMAX function Returns the maximum value from selected database entries DMIN function Returns the minimum value from selected database entries DPRODUCT function Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database DSTDEV function Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries DSTDEVP function Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries DSUM function Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria DVAR function Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries DVARP function Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries

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# Date and time functions

 DATEDIF function Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates. This function is useful in formulas where you need to calculate an age. DATEVALUE function Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number DAY function Converts a serial number to a day of the month DAYS function Returns the number of days between two dates DAYS360 function Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year EDATE function Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date EOMONTH function Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months HOUR function Converts a serial number to an hour ISOWEEKNUM function Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date

DATE functionReturns the serial number of a particular date

 MONTH function Converts a serial number to a month NETWORKDAYS function Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates function Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days NOW function Returns the serial number of the current date and time SECOND function Converts a serial number to a second TIME function Returns the serial number of a particular time TIMEVALUE function Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number TODAY function Returns the serial number of today's date WEEKDAY function Converts a serial number to a day of the week WEEKNUM function Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year

MINUTE functionConverts a serial number to a minute

 WORKDAY function Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays function Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days YEAR function Converts a serial number to a year YEARFRAC function Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date
 BESSELJ function Returns the Bessel function Jn(x) BESSELK function Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x) BESSELY function Returns the Bessel function Yn(x) BIN2DEC function Converts a binary number to decimal
 Function Description BESSELI function Returns the modified Bessel function In(x)

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# Engineering functions

 BIN2HEX function Converts a binary number to hexadecimal BIN2OCT function Converts a binary number to octal BITAND function Returns a 'Bitwise And' of two numbers BITLSHIFT function Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits BITOR function Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers BITRSHIFT function Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits BITXOR function Returns a bitwise 'Exclusive Or' of two numbers COMPLEX function Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number CONVERT function Converts a number from one measurement system to another

 DEC2HEX function Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal DEC2OCT function Converts a decimal number to octal DELTA function Tests whether two values are equal ERF function Returns the error function ERF.PRECISE function Returns the error function ERFC function Returns the complementary error function ERFC.PRECISE function Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity GESTEP function Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value HEX2BIN function Converts a hexadecimal number to binary HEX2DEC function Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal

DEC2BIN functionConverts a decimal number to binary

 HEX2OCT function Converts a hexadecimal number to octal IMABS function Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number IMAGINARY function Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number IMARGUMENT function Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians IMCONJUGATE function Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number IMCOS function Returns the cosine of a complex number IMCOSH function Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number IMCOT function Returns the cotangent of a complex number IMCSC function Returns the cosecant of a complex number IMCSCH function Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number IMDIV function Returns the quotient of two complex numbers

 IMEXP function Returns the exponential of a complex number IMLN function Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number IMLOG10 function Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number IMLOG2 function Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number IMPOWER function Returns a complex number raised to an integer power IMPRODUCT function Returns the product of from 2 to 255 complex numbers IMREAL function Returns the real coefficient of a complex number IMSEC function Returns the secant of a complex number IMSECH function Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number IMSIN function Returns the sine of a complex number

 IMSQRT function Returns the square root of a complex number IMSUB function Returns the difference between two complex numbers IMSUM function Returns the sum of complex numbers IMTAN function Returns the tangent of a complex number OCT2BIN function Converts an octal number to binary OCT2DEC function Converts an octal number to decimal OCT2HEX function Converts an octal number to hexadecimal

IMSINH functionReturns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number

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# Financial functions

## Function                        Description

ACCRINT functionReturns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest

 ACCRINTM function Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity AMORDEGRC function Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient AMORLINC function Returns the depreciation for each accounting period COUPDAYBS function Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date COUPDAYS function Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date COUPDAYSNC function Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date COUPNCD function Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date COUPNUM function Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date COUPPCD function Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date CUMIPMT function Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods

 CUMPRINC function Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods DB function Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method DDB function Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify DISC function Returns the discount rate for a security DOLLARDE function Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number DOLLARFR function Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction DURATION function Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments EFFECT function Returns the effective annual interest rate FV function Returns the future value of an investment FVSCHEDULE function Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates INTRATE function Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security

 IRR function Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows ISPMT function Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment MDURATION function Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of \$100 MIRR function Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates NOMINAL function Returns the annual nominal interest rate NPER function Returns the number of periods for an investment NPV function Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate ODDFPRICE function Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd first period ODDFYIELD function Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period ODDLPRICE Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security with an odd last period

IPMT functionReturns the interest payment for an investment for a given period

 ODDLYIELD function Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period PDURATION function Returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value PMT function Returns the periodic payment for an annuity PPMT function Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period PRICE function Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest PRICEDISC function Returns the price per \$100 face value of a discounted security PRICEMAT function Returns the price per \$100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity PV function Returns the present value of an investment RATE function Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity RECEIVED function Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security

function

 RRI function Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment SLN function Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period SYD function Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period TBILLEQ function Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill TBILLPRICE function Returns the price per \$100 face value for a Treasury bill TBILLYIELD function Returns the yield for a Treasury bill VDB function Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method XIRR function Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic XNPV function Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic YIELD function Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest YIELDDISC function Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill

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 function Returns a number corresponding to an error type INFO function Returns information about the current operating environment NOTE    This function is not available in Excel Online. ISBLANK function Returns TRUE if the value is blank ISERR function Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A ISERROR function Returns TRUE if the value is any error value
 YIELDMAT function Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity

# Information functions

 Function Description CELL function Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell

NOTE    This function is not available in Excel Online.

 ISFORMULA function Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula ISLOGICAL function Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value ISNA function Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value ISNONTEXT function Returns TRUE if the value is not text ISNUMBER function Returns TRUE if the value is a number ISODD function Returns TRUE if the number is odd ISREF function Returns TRUE if the value is a reference ISTEXT function Returns TRUE if the value is text N function Returns a value converted to a number NA function Returns the error value #N/A SHEET function Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet

## Description

ISEVEN functionReturns TRUE if the number is even

 FALSE function Returns the logical value FALSE IF function Specifies a logical test to perform IFERROR function Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula IFNA function Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression
 SHEETS function Returns the number of sheets in a reference TYPE function Returns a number indicating the data type of a value

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# Logical functions

## Function                  Description

 NOT function Reverses the logic of its argument OR function Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE TRUE function Returns the logical value TRUE XOR function Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments
 AREAS function Returns the number of areas in a reference CHOOSE function Chooses a value from a list of values COLUMN function Returns the column number of a reference COLUMNS function Returns the number of columns in a reference

AND functionReturns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE Description

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# Lookup and reference functions

## Function                               Description

 FORMULATEXT function Returns the formula at the given reference as text GETPIVOTDATA function Returns data stored in a PivotTable report HLOOKUP function Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell HYPERLINK function Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or th Internet INDEX function Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array INDIRECT function Returns a reference indicated by a text value LOOKUP function Looks up values in a vector or array MATCH function Looks up values in a reference or array OFFSET function Returns a reference offset from a given reference ROW function Returns the row number of a reference

ADDRESS functionReturns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet Description

 ROWS function Returns the number of rows in a reference RTD function Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation TRANSPOSE function Returns the transpose of an array VLOOKUP function Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell
 ACOS function Returns the arccosine of a number ACOSH function Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number ACOT function Returns the arccotangent of a number

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# Math and trigonometry functions

 Function Description ABS function Returns the absolute value of a number

 AGGREGATE function Returns an aggregate in a list or database ARABIC function Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number ASIN function Returns the arcsine of a number ASINH function Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number ATAN function Returns the arctangent of a number ATAN2 function Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates ATANH function Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number BASE function Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base) CEILING function Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance function Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

ACOTH functionReturns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number

 CEILING.PRECISE function Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up. COMBIN function Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects COMBINA function Returns the number of combinations with repetitions for a given number of items COS function Returns the cosine of a number COSH function Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number COT function Returns the cotangent of an angle COTH function Returns the hyperbolic cotangent of a number CSC function Returns the cosecant of an angle CSCH function Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle

 DEGREES function Converts radians to degrees EVEN function Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer EXP function Returns e raised to the power of a given number FACT function Returns the factorial of a number FACTDOUBLE function Returns the double factorial of a number FLOOR function Rounds a number down, toward zero function Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance FLOOR.PRECISE function Rounds a number down to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded down. GCD function Returns the greatest common divisor INT function Rounds a number down to the nearest integer

DECIMAL functionConverts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number

 ISO.CEILING function Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance LCM function Returns the least common multiple LN function Returns the natural logarithm of a number LOG function Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base LOG10 function Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number MDETERM function Returns the matrix determinant of an array MINVERSE function Returns the matrix inverse of an array MMULT function Returns the matrix product of two arrays MOD function Returns the remainder from division MROUND function Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple MULTINOMIAL function Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers

 ODD function Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer PI function Returns the value of pi POWER function Returns the result of a number raised to a power PRODUCT function Multiplies its arguments QUOTIENT function Returns the integer portion of a division RADIANS function Converts degrees to radians RAND function Returns a random number between 0 and 1 RANDBETWEEN function Returns a random number between the numbers you specify ROMAN function Converts an Arabic numeral to Roman, as text ROUND function Rounds a number to a specified number of digits

MUNIT functionReturns the unit matrix or the specified dimension

 ROUNDDOWN function Rounds a number down, toward zero ROUNDUP function Rounds a number up, away from zero SEC function Returns the secant of an angle SECH function Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle SERIESSUM function Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula SIGN function Returns the sign of a number SIN function Returns the sine of the given angle SINH function Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number SQRT function Returns a positive square root SQRTPI function Returns the square root of (number * pi) SUBTOTAL function Returns a subtotal in a list or database

 SUMIF function Adds the cells specified by a given criteria SUMIFS function Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria SUMPRODUCT function Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components SUMSQ function Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments SUMX2MY2 function Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays SUMX2PY2 function Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays SUMXMY2 function Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays TAN function Returns the tangent of a number TANH function Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number TRUNC function Truncates a number to an integer

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 AVERAGE function Returns the average of its arguments AVERAGEA function Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values AVERAGEIF function Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria AVERAGEIFS function Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria function Returns the beta cumulative distribution function function Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution function Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability .RANGE function Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution function Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less

# Statistical functions

 Function Description AVEDEV function Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean

 than or equal to a criterion value function Returns the cumulative beta probability density function function Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution function Returns the cumulative beta probability density function function Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution function Returns the test for independence function Returns the confidence interval for a population mean CONFIDENCE.T function Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution CORREL function Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets COUNT function Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments

 COUNTA function Counts how many values are in the list of arguments COUNTBLANK function Counts the number of blank cells within a range COUNTIF function Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria COUNTIFS function Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria COVARIANCE.P function Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations COVARIANCE.S function Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets DEVSQ function Returns the sum of squares of deviations function Returns the exponential distribution F.DIST function Returns the F probability distribution function Returns the F probability distribution

 F.INV function Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution function Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution F.TEST function Returns the result of an F-test FISHER function Returns the Fisher transformation FISHERINV function Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation FORECAST function Returns a value along a linear trend NOTE   In Excel 2016, this function is replaced withFORECAST.LINEARas part of the newForecasting functions, but it's still available for compatibility with earlier versions. function Returns a future value based on existing (historical) values by using the AAA version of the Exponential Smoothing (ETS) algorithm NOTE   This function isn't available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

 .SEASONALITY function Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for the specified time series NOTE   This function isn't available in Excel 2016 for Mac. function Returns a statistical value as a result of time series forecasting NOTE   This function isn't available in Excel 2016 for Mac. FORECAST.LINEAR function Returns a future value based on existing values NOTE   This function isn't available in Excel 2016 for Mac. FREQUENCY function Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array GAMMA function Returns the Gamma function value function Returns the gamma distribution function Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution

.CONFINT functionReturns a confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date

NOTE   This function isn't available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

 GAMMALN.PRECISE function Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, ?(x) GAUSS function Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution GEOMEAN function Returns the geometric mean GROWTH function Returns values along an exponential trend HARMEAN function Returns the harmonic mean function Returns the hypergeometric distribution INTERCEPT function Returns the intercept of the linear regression line KURT function Returns the kurtosis of a data set LARGE function Returns the k-th largest value in a data set LINEST function Returns the parameters of a linear trend

GAMMALN functionReturns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, ?(x)

 MAXA function Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values MEDIAN function Returns the median of the given numbers MIN function Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments MINA function Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values function Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data function Returns the most common value in a data set
 LOGEST function Returns the parameters of an exponential trend function Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution function Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution

MAX functionReturns the maximum value in a list of arguments

 function Returns the negative binomial distribution function Returns the normal cumulative distribution function Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution function Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution function Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution PEARSON function Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient function Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive function Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range function Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set

 PERMUT function Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects PERMUTATIONA function Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects PHI function Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution function Returns the Poisson distribution PROB function Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits function Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive function Returns the quartile of a data set function Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers function Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

functionReturns the percentage rank of a value in a data set

 RSQ function Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient SKEW function Returns the skewness of a distribution SKEW.P function Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean SLOPE function Returns the slope of the linear regression line SMALL function Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set STANDARDIZE function Returns a normalized value STDEV.P function Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population STDEV.S function Estimates standard deviation based on a sample STDEVA function Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values STDEVPA function Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers,

 text, and logical values STEYX function Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression T.DIST function Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution T.DIST.2T function Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution function Returns the Student's t-distribution T.INV function Returns the t-value of the Student's t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom T.INV.2T function Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution T.TEST function Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test TREND function Returns values along a linear trend TRIMMEAN function Returns the mean of the interior of a data set

 VAR.P function Calculates variance based on the entire population VAR.S function Estimates variance based on a sample VARA function Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values
 function Returns the Weibull distribution Z.TEST function Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

VARPA functionCalculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

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# Text functions

 Function Description ASC function Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters

 BAHTTEXT function Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format CHAR function Returns the character specified by the code number CLEAN function Removes all nonprintable characters from text CODE function Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string CONCATENATE function Joins several text items into one text item DBCS function Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters DOLLAR function Converts a number to text, using the \$ (dollar) currency format EXACT function Checks to see if two text values are identical FIND, FINDB functions Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive) FIXED function Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals LEFT, LEFTB functions Returns the leftmost characters from a text value LEN, LENB functions Returns the number of characters in a text string

 LOWER function Converts text to lowercase MID, MIDB functions Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify NUMBERVALUE function Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner PHONETIC function Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string PROPER function Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value REPLACE, REPLACEB functions Replaces characters within text REPT function Repeats text a given number of times RIGHT, RIGHTB functions Returns the rightmost characters from a text value SEARCH, SEARCHB functions Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive) SUBSTITUTE function Substitutes new text for old text in a text string

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 T function Converts its arguments to text TEXT function Formats a number and converts it to text TRIM function Removes spaces from text UNICHAR function Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value UNICODE function Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text UPPER function Converts text to uppercase VALUE function Converts a text argument to a number

# User defined functions that are installed with add-ins

If add-ins that you install contain functions, these add-in or automation functions will be available in the User Defined category in the Insert Function dialog box.

NOTE    User-defined functions (UDFs) are not available in Excel Online.

## Description

 EUROCONVERT function Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation) function Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered SQL.REQUEST function Connects with an external data source and runs a query from a worksheet, then returns the result as an array without the need for macro programming
 FILTERXML function Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath

CALL functionCalls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource

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# Web functions

NOTE    Web functions are not available in Excel Online.

## Function                                     Description

ENCODEURL functionReturns a URL-encoded string

## Description

WEBSERVICE functionReturns data from a web service

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Excel functions (alphabetical)

Applies To: Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2016 for Mac, Excel for Mac 2011, Excel Online, Excel Starter

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