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Excel functions (by category)

Worksheet functions are categorized by their functionality. Click a category to browse its functions. Or press Ctrl+F to find a function by typing the first few letters or a descriptive word. To get detailed information about a function, click its name in the first column.

Function categories

Our 10 most popular functions

Compatibility functions

Cube functions

Database functions

Date and time functions

Engineering functions

Financial functions

Information functions

Logical functions

Lookup and reference functions

Math and trigonometry functions

Statistical functions

Text functions

User defined functions that are installed with add-ins

Web functions

NOTE   Version markers indicate the version of Excel a function was introduced.

These functions aren't available in earlier versions.

IMPORTANT   The calculated results of formulas and some Excel worksheet functions may differ slightly between a Windows PC using x86 or x86-64 architecture and a Windows RT PC using ARM architecture.Learn more about the differences.

Our 10 most popular functions

IF function

Use this function to return one value if a condition is true and another value if it's 's a video about using the IF function.

LOOKUP

function

Use this function when you need to look in a single row or column and find a value from the same position in a second row or column.

VLOOKUP

function

Use this function when you need to find things in a table or a range by row. For example, look up an employee's last name by her employee number, or find her phone number by looking up her last name (just like a telephone book).Check out this video about using VLOOKUP.

MATCH

function

Use this function to search for an item in a range of cells, and then return the relative position of that item in the range. For example, if the range A1:A3 contains the values 5, 7, and 38, then the formula =MATCH(7,A1:A3,0) returns the number 2, because 7 is the second item in the range.

CHOOSE

function

Use this function to select one of up to 254 values based on the index number. For example, if value1 through value7 are the days of the week, CHOOSE returns one of the days when a number between 1 and 7 is used as index_num.

DATE function

Use this function to return the sequential serial number that represents a particular date. This function is most useful in situations where the year, month, and day are supplied by formulas or cell references. For

Here are the 10 functions that people read about most. Function           Description

SUM functionUse this function to add the values in cells.

Description

example, you might have a worksheet that contains dates in a format that Excel does not recognize, such as

YYYYMMDD.

Use theDATEDIFfunction to calculate the number of days, months, or years between two dates.

DAYS

function

Use this function to return the number of days between two dates.

FIND, FINDB functions

FIND and FINDB locate one text string within a second text string. They return the number of the starting position of the first text string from the first character of the second text string.

INDEX

function

Use this function to return a value or the reference to a value from within a table or range.

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Compatibility functions

In Excel 2010 or later, these functions were replaced with new functions that provide improved accuracy and have names that better reflect their usage. You can still use them for compatibility with earlier versions of Excel, but if backward compatibility isn't required, you should start using the new functions instead. For more information about the new functions, seeStatistical functions (reference)andMath and trigonometry functions (reference).

If you're using Excel 2007, you'll find these functions in the Statistical or Math & Trig categories on the Formulastab.


BETAINV function

Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution

BINOMDIST function

Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability

CHIDIST function

Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

CHIINV function

Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

CHITEST function

Returns the test for independence

CONFIDENCE function

Returns the confidence interval for a population mean

COVAR function

Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations

CRITBINOM function

Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less than or equal to a criterion value

EXPONDIST function

Returns the exponential distribution

FDIST function

Returns the F probability distribution

FINV function

Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

BETADIST functionReturns the beta cumulative distribution function

   

FLOOR function

Rounds a number down, toward zero

FTEST function

Returns the result of an F-test

GAMMADIST function

Returns the gamma distribution

GAMMAINV function

Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution

HYPGEOMDIST

function

Returns the hypergeometric distribution

LOGINV function

Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution function

LOGNORMDIST

function

Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution

MODE function

Returns the most common value in a data set

NEGBINOMDIST

function

Returns the negative binomial distribution

NORMDIST function

Returns the normal cumulative distribution


 

NORMSDIST function

Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution

NORMSINV function

Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution

PERCENTILE function

Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range

PERCENTRANK

function

Returns the percentage rank of a value in a data set

POISSON function

Returns the Poisson distribution

QUARTILE function

Returns the quartile of a data set

RANK function

Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

STDEV function

Estimates standard deviation based on a sample

STDEVP function

Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population

TDIST function

Returns the Student's t-distribution

TINV function

Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution

NORMINV functionReturns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution

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Cube functions

   

TTEST function

Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test

VAR function

Estimates variance based on a sample

VARP function

Calculates variance based on the entire population

WEIBULL function

Returns the Weibull distribution

ZTEST function

Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

CUBEKPIMEMBER function

Returns a key performance indicator (KPI) property and displays the KPI name in the cell. A KPI is a quantifiable measurement, such as monthly gross profit or quarterly employee turnover, that is used to monitor an organization's performance.

CUBEMEMBER function

Returns a member or tuple from the cube. Use to validate that the member or tuple exist in the cube.

Function                                      Description

s


Description

CUBERANKEDMEMBER

function

Returns the nth, or ranked, member in a set. Use to return one or more elements in a set, such as the top sales performer or the top 10 students.

CUBESET function

Defines a calculated set of members or tuples by sending a set expression to the cube on the server, which creates the set, and then returns that set to Microsoft Office Excel.

CUBESETCOUNT function

Returns the number of items in a set.

CUBEVALUE function

Returns an aggregated value from the cube.

DCOUNT function

Counts the cells that contain numbers in a database

DCOUNTA function

Counts nonblank cells in a database

CUBEMEMBERPROPERTY Returns the value of a member property from the cube. Use to validate that a member functionname exists within the cube and to return the specified property for this member.

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Database functions

Function                          Description

DAVERAGE functionReturns the average of selected database entries

DGET function

Extracts from a database a single record that matches the specified criteria

DMAX function

Returns the maximum value from selected database entries

DMIN function

Returns the minimum value from selected database entries

DPRODUCT function

Multiplies the values in a particular field of records that match the criteria in a database

DSTDEV function

Estimates the standard deviation based on a sample of selected database entries

DSTDEVP function

Calculates the standard deviation based on the entire population of selected database entries

DSUM function

Adds the numbers in the field column of records in the database that match the criteria

DVAR function

Estimates variance based on a sample from selected database entries

DVARP function

Calculates variance based on the entire population of selected database entries

Description

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Date and time functions

DATEDIF function

Calculates the number of days, months, or years between two dates. This function is useful in formulas where you need to calculate an age.

DATEVALUE function

Converts a date in the form of text to a serial number

DAY function

Converts a serial number to a day of the month

DAYS function

Returns the number of days between two dates

DAYS360 function

Calculates the number of days between two dates based on a 360-day year

EDATE function

Returns the serial number of the date that is the indicated number of months before or after the start date

EOMONTH function

Returns the serial number of the last day of the month before or after a specified number of months

HOUR function

Converts a serial number to an hour

ISOWEEKNUM function

Returns the number of the ISO week number of the year for a given date

DATE functionReturns the serial number of a particular date


MONTH function

Converts a serial number to a month

NETWORKDAYS function

Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates

function

Returns the number of whole workdays between two dates using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days

NOW function

Returns the serial number of the current date and time

SECOND function

Converts a serial number to a second

TIME function

Returns the serial number of a particular time

TIMEVALUE function

Converts a time in the form of text to a serial number

TODAY function

Returns the serial number of today's date

WEEKDAY function

Converts a serial number to a day of the week

WEEKNUM function

Converts a serial number to a number representing where the week falls numerically with a year

MINUTE functionConverts a serial number to a minute

WORKDAY function

Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays

function

Returns the serial number of the date before or after a specified number of workdays using parameters to indicate which and how many days are weekend days

YEAR function

Converts a serial number to a year

YEARFRAC function

Returns the year fraction representing the number of whole days between start_date and end_date

BESSELJ function

Returns the Bessel function Jn(x)

BESSELK function

Returns the modified Bessel function Kn(x)

BESSELY function

Returns the Bessel function Yn(x)

BIN2DEC function

Converts a binary number to decimal

Function

Description

BESSELI function

Returns the modified Bessel function In(x)

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Engineering functions

BIN2HEX function

Converts a binary number to hexadecimal

BIN2OCT function

Converts a binary number to octal

BITAND function

Returns a 'Bitwise And' of two numbers

BITLSHIFT function

Returns a value number shifted left by shift_amount bits

BITOR function

Returns a bitwise OR of 2 numbers

BITRSHIFT function

Returns a value number shifted right by shift_amount bits

BITXOR function

Returns a bitwise 'Exclusive Or' of two numbers

COMPLEX function

Converts real and imaginary coefficients into a complex number

CONVERT function

Converts a number from one measurement system to another

 

DEC2HEX function

Converts a decimal number to hexadecimal

DEC2OCT function

Converts a decimal number to octal

DELTA function

Tests whether two values are equal

ERF function

Returns the error function

ERF.PRECISE function

Returns the error function

ERFC function

Returns the complementary error function

ERFC.PRECISE function

Returns the complementary ERF function integrated between x and infinity

GESTEP function

Tests whether a number is greater than a threshold value

HEX2BIN function

Converts a hexadecimal number to binary

HEX2DEC function

Converts a hexadecimal number to decimal

DEC2BIN functionConverts a decimal number to binary

HEX2OCT function

Converts a hexadecimal number to octal

IMABS function

Returns the absolute value (modulus) of a complex number

IMAGINARY function

Returns the imaginary coefficient of a complex number

IMARGUMENT function

Returns the argument theta, an angle expressed in radians

IMCONJUGATE function

Returns the complex conjugate of a complex number

IMCOS function

Returns the cosine of a complex number

IMCOSH function

Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a complex number

IMCOT function

Returns the cotangent of a complex number

IMCSC function

Returns the cosecant of a complex number

IMCSCH function

Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of a complex number

IMDIV function

Returns the quotient of two complex numbers


 
   

IMEXP function

Returns the exponential of a complex number

IMLN function

Returns the natural logarithm of a complex number

IMLOG10 function

Returns the base-10 logarithm of a complex number

IMLOG2 function

Returns the base-2 logarithm of a complex number

IMPOWER function

Returns a complex number raised to an integer power

IMPRODUCT function

Returns the product of from 2 to 255 complex numbers

IMREAL function

Returns the real coefficient of a complex number

IMSEC function

Returns the secant of a complex number

IMSECH function

Returns the hyperbolic secant of a complex number

IMSIN function

Returns the sine of a complex number


 

IMSQRT function

Returns the square root of a complex number

IMSUB function

Returns the difference between two complex numbers

IMSUM function

Returns the sum of complex numbers

IMTAN function

Returns the tangent of a complex number

OCT2BIN function

Converts an octal number to binary

OCT2DEC function

Converts an octal number to decimal

OCT2HEX function

Converts an octal number to hexadecimal

IMSINH functionReturns the hyperbolic sine of a complex number

 

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Financial functions

Function                        Description

ACCRINT functionReturns the accrued interest for a security that pays periodic interest


ACCRINTM function

Returns the accrued interest for a security that pays interest at maturity

AMORDEGRC

function

Returns the depreciation for each accounting period by using a depreciation coefficient

AMORLINC function

Returns the depreciation for each accounting period

COUPDAYBS

function

Returns the number of days from the beginning of the coupon period to the settlement date

COUPDAYS function

Returns the number of days in the coupon period that contains the settlement date

COUPDAYSNC

function

Returns the number of days from the settlement date to the next coupon date

COUPNCD function

Returns the next coupon date after the settlement date

COUPNUM function

Returns the number of coupons payable between the settlement date and maturity date

COUPPCD function

Returns the previous coupon date before the settlement date



CUMIPMT function

Returns the cumulative interest paid between two periods


 

CUMPRINC function

Returns the cumulative principal paid on a loan between two periods

DB function

Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the fixed-declining balance method

DDB function

Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified period by using the double-declining balance method or some other method that you specify

DISC function

Returns the discount rate for a security

DOLLARDE function

Converts a dollar price, expressed as a fraction, into a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number

DOLLARFR function

Converts a dollar price, expressed as a decimal number, into a dollar price, expressed as a fraction

DURATION function

Returns the annual duration of a security with periodic interest payments

EFFECT function

Returns the effective annual interest rate

FV function

Returns the future value of an investment

FVSCHEDULE

function

Returns the future value of an initial principal after applying a series of compound interest rates

INTRATE function

Returns the interest rate for a fully invested security


 

IRR function

Returns the internal rate of return for a series of cash flows

ISPMT function

Calculates the interest paid during a specific period of an investment

MDURATION

function

Returns the Macauley modified duration for a security with an assumed par value of $100

MIRR function

Returns the internal rate of return where positive and negative cash flows are financed at different rates

NOMINAL function

Returns the annual nominal interest rate

NPER function

Returns the number of periods for an investment

NPV function

Returns the net present value of an investment based on a series of periodic cash flows and a discount rate

ODDFPRICE function

Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd first period

ODDFYIELD

function

Returns the yield of a security with an odd first period

ODDLPRICE

Returns the price per $100 face value of a security with an odd last period

IPMT functionReturns the interest payment for an investment for a given period

ODDLYIELD

function

Returns the yield of a security with an odd last period

PDURATION

function

Returns the number of periods required by an investment to reach a specified value

PMT function

Returns the periodic payment for an annuity

PPMT function

Returns the payment on the principal for an investment for a given period

PRICE function

Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays periodic interest

PRICEDISC function

Returns the price per $100 face value of a discounted security

PRICEMAT function

Returns the price per $100 face value of a security that pays interest at maturity

PV function

Returns the present value of an investment

RATE function

Returns the interest rate per period of an annuity

RECEIVED function

Returns the amount received at maturity for a fully invested security

function

RRI function

Returns an equivalent interest rate for the growth of an investment

SLN function

Returns the straight-line depreciation of an asset for one period

SYD function

Returns the sum-of-years' digits depreciation of an asset for a specified period

TBILLEQ function

Returns the bond-equivalent yield for a Treasury bill

TBILLPRICE

function

Returns the price per $100 face value for a Treasury bill

TBILLYIELD

function

Returns the yield for a Treasury bill

VDB function

Returns the depreciation of an asset for a specified or partial period by using a declining balance method

XIRR function

Returns the internal rate of return for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic

XNPV function

Returns the net present value for a schedule of cash flows that is not necessarily periodic

YIELD function

Returns the yield on a security that pays periodic interest

YIELDDISC function

Returns the annual yield for a discounted security; for example, a Treasury bill


 

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function

Returns a number corresponding to an error type

INFO function

Returns information about the current operating environment NOTE    This function is not available in Excel Online.

ISBLANK function

Returns TRUE if the value is blank

ISERR function

Returns TRUE if the value is any error value except #N/A

ISERROR function

Returns TRUE if the value is any error value

   

YIELDMAT function

Returns the annual yield of a security that pays interest at maturity

Information functions

Function

Description

CELL function

Returns information about the formatting, location, or contents of a cell

NOTE    This function is not available in Excel Online.


ISFORMULA function

Returns TRUE if there is a reference to a cell that contains a formula

ISLOGICAL function

Returns TRUE if the value is a logical value

ISNA function

Returns TRUE if the value is the #N/A error value

ISNONTEXT function

Returns TRUE if the value is not text

ISNUMBER function

Returns TRUE if the value is a number

ISODD function

Returns TRUE if the number is odd

ISREF function

Returns TRUE if the value is a reference

ISTEXT function

Returns TRUE if the value is text

N function

Returns a value converted to a number

NA function

Returns the error value #N/A

SHEET function

Returns the sheet number of the referenced sheet

Description

ISEVEN functionReturns TRUE if the number is even

FALSE function

Returns the logical value FALSE

IF function

Specifies a logical test to perform

IFERROR

function

Returns a value you specify if a formula evaluates to an error; otherwise, returns the result of the formula

IFNA function

Returns the value you specify if the expression resolves to #N/A, otherwise returns the result of the expression

   

SHEETS function

Returns the number of sheets in a reference

TYPE function

Returns a number indicating the data type of a value

Description

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Logical functions

Function                  Description

NOT function

Reverses the logic of its argument

OR function

Returns TRUE if any argument is TRUE

TRUE function

Returns the logical value TRUE

XOR function

Returns a logical exclusive OR of all arguments

AREAS function

Returns the number of areas in a reference

CHOOSE function

Chooses a value from a list of values

COLUMN function

Returns the column number of a reference

COLUMNS function

Returns the number of columns in a reference

AND functionReturns TRUE if all of its arguments are TRUE Description

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Lookup and reference functions

Function                               Description

FORMULATEXT

function

Returns the formula at the given reference as text

GETPIVOTDATA

function

Returns data stored in a PivotTable report

HLOOKUP function

Looks in the top row of an array and returns the value of the indicated cell

HYPERLINK function

Creates a shortcut or jump that opens a document stored on a network server, an intranet, or th

Internet

INDEX function

Uses an index to choose a value from a reference or array

INDIRECT function

Returns a reference indicated by a text value

LOOKUP function

Looks up values in a vector or array

MATCH function

Looks up values in a reference or array

OFFSET function

Returns a reference offset from a given reference

ROW function

Returns the row number of a reference

ADDRESS functionReturns a reference as text to a single cell in a worksheet Description

ROWS function

Returns the number of rows in a reference

RTD function

Retrieves real-time data from a program that supports COM automation

TRANSPOSE function

Returns the transpose of an array

VLOOKUP function

Looks in the first column of an array and moves across the row to return the value of a cell

ACOS function

Returns the arccosine of a number

ACOSH function

Returns the inverse hyperbolic cosine of a number

ACOT function

Returns the arccotangent of a number

Description

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Math and trigonometry functions

Function

Description

ABS function

Returns the absolute value of a number


AGGREGATE function

Returns an aggregate in a list or database

ARABIC function

Converts a Roman number to Arabic, as a number

ASIN function

Returns the arcsine of a number

ASINH function

Returns the inverse hyperbolic sine of a number

ATAN function

Returns the arctangent of a number

ATAN2 function

Returns the arctangent from x- and y-coordinates

ATANH function

Returns the inverse hyperbolic tangent of a number

BASE function

Converts a number into a text representation with the given radix (base)

CEILING function

Rounds a number to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

function

Rounds a number up, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

ACOTH functionReturns the hyperbolic arccotangent of a number


 

CEILING.PRECISE

function

Rounds a number the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded up.

COMBIN function

Returns the number of combinations for a given number of objects

COMBINA function

Returns the number of combinations with repetitions for a given number of items

COS function

Returns the cosine of a number

COSH function

Returns the hyperbolic cosine of a number

COT function

Returns the cotangent of an angle

COTH function

Returns the hyperbolic cotangent of a number

CSC function

Returns the cosecant of an angle

CSCH function

Returns the hyperbolic cosecant of an angle


 

DEGREES function

Converts radians to degrees

EVEN function

Rounds a number up to the nearest even integer

EXP function

Returns e raised to the power of a given number

FACT function

Returns the factorial of a number

FACTDOUBLE function

Returns the double factorial of a number

FLOOR function

Rounds a number down, toward zero

function

Rounds a number down, to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

FLOOR.PRECISE

function

Rounds a number down to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance. Regardless of the sign of the number, the number is rounded down.

GCD function

Returns the greatest common divisor

INT function

Rounds a number down to the nearest integer

DECIMAL functionConverts a text representation of a number in a given base into a decimal number


 

ISO.CEILING function

Returns a number that is rounded up to the nearest integer or to the nearest multiple of significance

LCM function

Returns the least common multiple

LN function

Returns the natural logarithm of a number

LOG function

Returns the logarithm of a number to a specified base

LOG10 function

Returns the base-10 logarithm of a number

MDETERM function

Returns the matrix determinant of an array

MINVERSE function

Returns the matrix inverse of an array

MMULT function

Returns the matrix product of two arrays

MOD function

Returns the remainder from division

MROUND function

Returns a number rounded to the desired multiple

MULTINOMIAL

function

Returns the multinomial of a set of numbers


 

ODD function

Rounds a number up to the nearest odd integer

PI function

Returns the value of pi

POWER function

Returns the result of a number raised to a power

PRODUCT function

Multiplies its arguments

QUOTIENT function

Returns the integer portion of a division

RADIANS function

Converts degrees to radians

RAND function

Returns a random number between 0 and 1

RANDBETWEEN

function

Returns a random number between the numbers you specify

ROMAN function

Converts an Arabic numeral to Roman, as text

ROUND function

Rounds a number to a specified number of digits

MUNIT functionReturns the unit matrix or the specified dimension


 

ROUNDDOWN function

Rounds a number down, toward zero

ROUNDUP function

Rounds a number up, away from zero

SEC function

Returns the secant of an angle

SECH function

Returns the hyperbolic secant of an angle

SERIESSUM function

Returns the sum of a power series based on the formula

SIGN function

Returns the sign of a number

SIN function

Returns the sine of the given angle

SINH function

Returns the hyperbolic sine of a number

SQRT function

Returns a positive square root

SQRTPI function

Returns the square root of (number * pi)

SUBTOTAL function

Returns a subtotal in a list or database


 

SUMIF function

Adds the cells specified by a given criteria

SUMIFS function

Adds the cells in a range that meet multiple criteria

SUMPRODUCT

function

Returns the sum of the products of corresponding array components

SUMSQ function

Returns the sum of the squares of the arguments

SUMX2MY2 function

Returns the sum of the difference of squares of corresponding values in two arrays

SUMX2PY2 function

Returns the sum of the sum of squares of corresponding values in two arrays

SUMXMY2 function

Returns the sum of squares of differences of corresponding values in two arrays

TAN function

Returns the tangent of a number

TANH function

Returns the hyperbolic tangent of a number

TRUNC function

Truncates a number to an integer

SUM functionAdds its arguments

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AVERAGE function

Returns the average of its arguments

AVERAGEA function

Returns the average of its arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

AVERAGEIF function

Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all the cells in a range that meet a given criteria

AVERAGEIFS function

Returns the average (arithmetic mean) of all cells that meet multiple criteria

function

Returns the beta cumulative distribution function

function

Returns the inverse of the cumulative distribution function for a specified beta distribution

function

Returns the individual term binomial distribution probability

.RANGE function

Returns the probability of a trial result using a binomial distribution



function

Returns the smallest value for which the cumulative binomial distribution is less

Statistical functions

Function

Description

AVEDEV function

Returns the average of the absolute deviations of data points from their mean


 
 

than or equal to a criterion value

function

Returns the cumulative beta probability density function

function

Returns the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

function

Returns the cumulative beta probability density function

function

Returns the inverse of the one-tailed probability of the chi-squared distribution

function

Returns the test for independence

function

Returns the confidence interval for a population mean

CONFIDENCE.T function

Returns the confidence interval for a population mean, using a Student's t distribution

CORREL function

Returns the correlation coefficient between two data sets

COUNT function

Counts how many numbers are in the list of arguments


 

COUNTA function

Counts how many values are in the list of arguments

COUNTBLANK function

Counts the number of blank cells within a range

COUNTIF function

Counts the number of cells within a range that meet the given criteria

COUNTIFS function

Counts the number of cells within a range that meet multiple criteria

COVARIANCE.P function

Returns covariance, the average of the products of paired deviations

COVARIANCE.S function

Returns the sample covariance, the average of the products deviations for each data point pair in two data sets

DEVSQ function

Returns the sum of squares of deviations

function

Returns the exponential distribution

F.DIST function

Returns the F probability distribution

function

Returns the F probability distribution


 

F.INV function

Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

function

Returns the inverse of the F probability distribution

F.TEST function

Returns the result of an F-test

FISHER function

Returns the Fisher transformation

FISHERINV function

Returns the inverse of the Fisher transformation

FORECAST function

Returns a value along a linear trend

NOTE   In Excel 2016, this function is replaced withFORECAST.LINEARas part of the newForecasting functions, but it's still available for compatibility with earlier versions.

function

Returns a future value based on existing (historical) values by using the AAA version of the Exponential Smoothing (ETS) algorithm

NOTE   This function isn't available in Excel 2016 for Mac.


 

.SEASONALITY function

Returns the length of the repetitive pattern Excel detects for the specified time series

NOTE   This function isn't available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

function

Returns a statistical value as a result of time series forecasting NOTE   This function isn't available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

FORECAST.LINEAR function

Returns a future value based on existing values

NOTE   This function isn't available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

FREQUENCY function

Returns a frequency distribution as a vertical array

GAMMA function

Returns the Gamma function value

function

Returns the gamma distribution

function

Returns the inverse of the gamma cumulative distribution

.CONFINT functionReturns a confidence interval for the forecast value at the specified target date

 

NOTE   This function isn't available in Excel 2016 for Mac.

GAMMALN.PRECISE function

Returns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, ?(x)

GAUSS function

Returns 0.5 less than the standard normal cumulative distribution

GEOMEAN function

Returns the geometric mean

GROWTH function

Returns values along an exponential trend

HARMEAN function

Returns the harmonic mean

function

Returns the hypergeometric distribution

INTERCEPT function

Returns the intercept of the linear regression line

KURT function

Returns the kurtosis of a data set

LARGE function

Returns the k-th largest value in a data set

LINEST function

Returns the parameters of a linear trend

GAMMALN functionReturns the natural logarithm of the gamma function, ?(x)

MAXA function

Returns the maximum value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

MEDIAN function

Returns the median of the given numbers

MIN function

Returns the minimum value in a list of arguments

MINA function

Returns the smallest value in a list of arguments, including numbers, text, and logical values

function

Returns a vertical array of the most frequently occurring, or repetitive values in an array or range of data

function

Returns the most common value in a data set

LOGEST function

Returns the parameters of an exponential trend

function

Returns the cumulative lognormal distribution

function

Returns the inverse of the lognormal cumulative distribution

MAX functionReturns the maximum value in a list of arguments

function

Returns the negative binomial distribution

function

Returns the normal cumulative distribution

function

Returns the inverse of the normal cumulative distribution

function

Returns the standard normal cumulative distribution

function

Returns the inverse of the standard normal cumulative distribution

PEARSON function

Returns the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient

function

Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range, where k is in the range 0..1, exclusive

function

Returns the k-th percentile of values in a range

function

Returns the rank of a value in a data set as a percentage (0..1, exclusive) of the data set


 

PERMUT function

Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects

PERMUTATIONA function

Returns the number of permutations for a given number of objects (with repetitions) that can be selected from the total objects

PHI function

Returns the value of the density function for a standard normal distribution

function

Returns the Poisson distribution

PROB function

Returns the probability that values in a range are between two limits

function

Returns the quartile of the data set, based on percentile values from 0..1, exclusive

function

Returns the quartile of a data set

function

Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

function

Returns the rank of a number in a list of numbers

functionReturns the percentage rank of a value in a data set


 
   

RSQ function

Returns the square of the Pearson product moment correlation coefficient

SKEW function

Returns the skewness of a distribution

SKEW.P function

Returns the skewness of a distribution based on a population: a characterization of the degree of asymmetry of a distribution around its mean

SLOPE function

Returns the slope of the linear regression line

SMALL function

Returns the k-th smallest value in a data set

STANDARDIZE function

Returns a normalized value

STDEV.P function

Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population

STDEV.S function

Estimates standard deviation based on a sample

STDEVA function

Estimates standard deviation based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values

STDEVPA function

Calculates standard deviation based on the entire population, including numbers,

 

 

text, and logical values

STEYX function

Returns the standard error of the predicted y-value for each x in the regression

T.DIST function

Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution

T.DIST.2T function

Returns the Percentage Points (probability) for the Student t-distribution

function

Returns the Student's t-distribution

T.INV function

Returns the t-value of the Student's t-distribution as a function of the probability and the degrees of freedom

T.INV.2T function

Returns the inverse of the Student's t-distribution

T.TEST function

Returns the probability associated with a Student's t-test

TREND function

Returns values along a linear trend

TRIMMEAN function

Returns the mean of the interior of a data set


 

VAR.P function

Calculates variance based on the entire population

VAR.S function

Estimates variance based on a sample

VARA function

Estimates variance based on a sample, including numbers, text, and logical values

function

Returns the Weibull distribution

Z.TEST function

Returns the one-tailed probability-value of a z-test

VARPA functionCalculates variance based on the entire population, including numbers, text, and logical values

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Text functions

Function

Description

ASC function

Changes full-width (double-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to half-width (single-byte) characters


BAHTTEXT function

Converts a number to text, using the ß (baht) currency format

CHAR function

Returns the character specified by the code number

CLEAN function

Removes all nonprintable characters from text

CODE function

Returns a numeric code for the first character in a text string

CONCATENATE function

Joins several text items into one text item

DBCS function

Changes half-width (single-byte) English letters or katakana within a character string to full-width (double-byte) characters

DOLLAR function

Converts a number to text, using the $ (dollar) currency format

EXACT function

Checks to see if two text values are identical

FIND, FINDB functions

Finds one text value within another (case-sensitive)

FIXED function

Formats a number as text with a fixed number of decimals

LEFT, LEFTB functions

Returns the leftmost characters from a text value

LEN, LENB functions

Returns the number of characters in a text string


 

LOWER function

Converts text to lowercase

MID, MIDB functions

Returns a specific number of characters from a text string starting at the position you specify

NUMBERVALUE function

Converts text to number in a locale-independent manner

PHONETIC function

Extracts the phonetic (furigana) characters from a text string

PROPER function

Capitalizes the first letter in each word of a text value

REPLACE, REPLACEB

functions

Replaces characters within text

REPT function

Repeats text a given number of times

RIGHT, RIGHTB functions

Returns the rightmost characters from a text value

SEARCH, SEARCHB

functions

Finds one text value within another (not case-sensitive)

SUBSTITUTE function

Substitutes new text for old text in a text string


 

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T function

Converts its arguments to text

TEXT function

Formats a number and converts it to text

TRIM function

Removes spaces from text

UNICHAR function

Returns the Unicode character that is references by the given numeric value

UNICODE function

Returns the number (code point) that corresponds to the first character of the text

UPPER function

Converts text to uppercase

VALUE function

Converts a text argument to a number

User defined functions that are installed with add-ins

If add-ins that you install contain functions, these add-in or automation functions will be available in the User Defined category in the Insert Function dialog box.

NOTE    User-defined functions (UDFs) are not available in Excel Online.


Description

EUROCONVERT

function

Converts a number to euros, converts a number from euros to a euro member currency, or converts number from one euro member currency to another by using the euro as an intermediary (triangulation)

function

Returns the register ID of the specified dynamic link library (DLL) or code resource that has been previously registered

SQL.REQUEST

function

Connects with an external data source and runs a query from a worksheet, then returns the result as an array without the need for macro programming

FILTERXML function

Returns specific data from the XML content by using the specified XPath

CALL functionCalls a procedure in a dynamic link library or code resource

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Web functions

NOTE    Web functions are not available in Excel Online.

Function                                     Description

ENCODEURL functionReturns a URL-encoded string

 

Description

WEBSERVICE functionReturns data from a web service

 

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See Also

Excel functions (alphabetical)

Applies To: Excel 2016, Excel 2013, Excel 2010, Excel 2007, Excel 2016 for Mac, Excel for Mac 2011, Excel Online, Excel Starter

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