EXCEL training worksheet and cell operations


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Formation Excel en ligne par vidéo

205 leçons vidéos + 20 Livres PDF + 20 TP + Sous supervision + Certificat de réussite à la fin du cours



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MS EXCEL

 

CELL OPERATIONS

SELECTING A CELL or A RANGE

To select a single cell, simple click on it. 

To select a range of cells, click on one of the cells, and while holding your mouse button down, drag your mouse until all of the cells you would like to select are highlighted.

Also you can use SHIFT+ Arrow keys, to select cell range.

Just drag mouse pointer.

To select the cells that are not together (noncontiguous cells or non – adjacent cells)

You can click the cells or range of cells by holding down the control-key. 

By the same way, you can select the nonadjacent rows and columns.

To select the cells that are together (contiguous cells or adjacent cells)

You can click the starting cell of the range and press and hold down the  shift-key, then click the finishing cell of the range. 

By the same way, you can select the adjacent rows and columns.

To select a column 

You can click on the Column Letter.

To select a row 

You can click on the Row Number.

To select all the cells in a sheet 

You can click the this box.

or press the CTRL + A

MOVING AROUND  IN THE SPREADSHEET 

MOVING AROUND IN A SHEET

•     Press the arrow keys move the active cell one cell at a time to            right, left, up and down or press enter key to move one cell down, tab key to right, Shift+Enter up, Shift+Tab to left.

•     Similarly use the [PageUp] and [PageDown] keys to move the active cursor up or down a screen at a time.  

•     [Home] moves to the first column on the current row

•     [Ctrl]+[Home] moves the first cell, A1

•     [End], then [Home] moves to the first cell in the document

•     CTRL + right arrow key, moves to the last cell in the same row

•     CTRL + left arrow key, moves to the first cell in the same row

•     CTRL + up arrow key, moves to the first cell in the same column

•     CTRL + down arrow key, moves to the last cell in the same column MOVING AROUND IN A SELECTED AREA

•     First select a range

•     Enter  to move to the bottom cell in the same range

•     Shift + Enter to move to the upper cell in the same range

•     Tab to move to the next cell in the same range

•     Shift + Tab to move to the left cell in the same range

 

ENTERING DATA INTO A CELL

•     Click a cell to make it active cell

•     Just type what you wish

•     Pres the [ENTER] key or press an arrow key or click the enter button.

 

CLEARING CELL CONTENTS

•     Select the cell that you want to clear • Just press DEL or DELETE key.

ENTERING MULTIBLE LINE OF DATA IN THE SAME CELL

Press the ALT + Enter at the end of the every line

 

ENTERING SAME DATA INTO AN AREA (RANGE)

•     Select a range

•     Just type what you wish • Pres the CTRL + [ENTER] key.

3A

EDITING CELL CONTENTS

Now that you have entered data, you might need to alter the information. There are several ways to do this.  

Just to alter information in a cell, firstly click the cell with information, type your new data and press enter. Contents of the cell will replace with the previous one.  

To edit a cell, double-click on the cell or press F2 you want to edit, then the insertion point will appear inside the cell. You can To enter into a cell    use the arrow keys, backspace and delete double click on the to edit this cell as needed.   

RESIZING THE ROWS AND COLUMNS 

Sometimes you need to change column widths and row heights making wider and sometimes narrower. If text in a cell is wider than the column and there is information in the adjacent cell to its right, then the text information is truncated.

                   1st WAY                           

To adjust a column's width is to place your mouse pointer on the border between the column numbers. The mouse pointer will become a double headed arrow. Click and drag with the double-arrow until the column is the width you want. To adjust the row height, locate the mouse pointer on the border between the row numbers.

RESIZING THE ROWS AND COLUMNS  Locate the mouse

pointer on the border of

                                        2rd WAY                         the column headings

when you see double headed arrow, doubleclick the mouse to adjust the automatically.

To adjust a column's width is to place your mouse pointer on the border between the column numbers. When you see a double headed mouse pointer. Double click the mouse to adjust the column width automatically to exact size. To adjust the row height automatically, you can follow the same method.

HIDING AND UNHIDING THE ROWS AND COLUMNS 

The designer may hide some columns and rows (they do not need to view) in some case, for example, to make the report table with a shorter width to avoid scrolling left and right. 

 

HIDING AND UNHIDING THE ROWS AND COLUMNS 

1st WAY

Hiding rows or columns can be performed in two ways;       by selecting the row or column that you wish to hide, right clicking and selecting Hide.

2nd WAY

To hide the columns and rows, you can set their size to zero.

HIDING AND UNHIDING THE ROWS AND COLUMNS 

    Lets unhide the column now. 

Step 1   Select the column range that contain hidden columns,  Step 2   right-click and select Unhide option.

    Notice that you have now unhidden column D

As mentioned above, you can also perform the hide/unhide operation by right clicking and selecting either Hide or Unhide from the shortcut menu. This is my preferred option, but it is up to you which one you use.

                                                              Step 1 Step 2

COPYING AND MOVING CELL CONTENTS

1st METHOD BY USING COPY, CUT, PASTE COMMANDS

When we Copy data from one cell to another, we are making a duplicate of the cells content.

When we Cut data from a cell we are actually moving it from its current location to a new location.

Pasting is placing either the Cut or Copied data in its new destination.

TO COPY,  USE COPY AND PASTE COMMANDS.

TO MOVE, USE CUT AND PASTE COMMANDS.

COPYING

There are many ways that we can Copy in Excel, the way that you do it is purely optional and should be the way you are most comfortable with.  

Make sure you have selected the cell which you want to copy. Then you can either:

i) Right click on the cell and from the Shortcut menu select Copyii)  Push Ctrl + C on your keyboard  iii) Select the Copy button from the Home ribbon menu.  iv) Hold down Ctrl key, then Use the Drag and Drop operation.

CUTTING

Again, as with most options in Excel, there are a multitude of ways to Cut a cell. 

Make sure you have selected the cell which you want to cut. Then you can either:

i) Right click and select Cut from the Shortcut menu  ii)   The Cut button from the Home ribbon menu (the pair of scissors)  

iii) Press Ctrl + X on your keyboard iv) Use the Drag and Drop operation.

PASTING

After using the copy or cut command, to finish copying or moving data you should use the Paste command.

Now select any other cell and either:

i) Right click on the cell and from the Shortcut menu select Paste  ii)  Push Enter on your keyboard  iii) Push Ctrl + V on your keyboard iv) Select the Paste button from the Home ribbon menu

In the second way by pressing Enter you will CLEAR the Clipboard after it has Pasted in the data. You will notice with the other four methods that the contents the cell stays on the clipboard.  This means that we could select other cells and continue pasting as much as we like using any of the above methods other than using Enter on our keyboard.  

2ND METHOD USING DRAG AND DROP METHOD FOR COPYING AND MOVING



There is another method that can be used to Copy or move, this is called Drag and Drop, and is possibly the fastest method if you only intend to Paste the data into one destination as opposed to various. 

For this method, again select the cell which you want to copy or move, hold down your Ctrl key to copy or don’t press any key to move, and locate your mouse on the border of the cell and drag in the desired location then simply release the mouse button.

If you also hold down your Alt key whilst doing this, you can change sheets by dragging the copied data over the sheet name tab that you wish to copy or move it to. 

3RD METHOD

DRAGGING THE CELL BY RIGHT-CLICK

The last method of Copying and Pasting data is to select the cell you wish to Copy, right click on any cell border and holding down the right mouse button drag to any destination cell, then release the mouse button. Excel will display another Shortcut menu, giving you various options. Some of these options are the same as in the Paste Special dialogue box so we will only look at the last four options of this Shortcut menu, the Shift Down and Copy and the Shift Right and Copy.

Again, type any value in cell A1, then type any value in cell D1. Select cell A1 and right click on any cell border with the right white arrow showing. Holding down your right mouse button, drag A1 to cell D1, then release the mouse button and select Shift Down and Copy. You will notice that Excel shifts down the value of cell D1 and places it into cell D2 before it Pastes in the data from cell A1. Delete the contents cell D2

Again, select cell A1, right click on any cell border, select cell D1 again and release the right mouse button. This time select Shift Right and Copy. This has now done the same as the Shift Down and Copy option,  except as the name implies, it has shifted the data in cell D1 to the right before pasting in the contents of cell A1.

USING PASTE SPECIAL

By default, when you Copy and Paste the content of any cell(s), Excel will Paste all cell formatting. We can, however, use what is called Paste Special to nominate the attributes of the copied data we wish to Paste.

To do this, again Copy the cell(s) in any of the above methods (except Drag and Drop). Now select your destination cell and

go to Home ribbon menu > Open Paste option > select Paste Special  or right click and select Paste Special from the Shortcut menu. 

This will display the Paste Special dialogue box.  In this dialog box under the heading Paste, there are different options that can be applied, the default is All, which is exactly the same as using any of the Paste methods described above. 

The other options are:

PASTE SPECIAL OPTIONS

Under the heading Operation

•All

Formulas

Values

Formats

Comments

Validation

All except borders

Column Widths

Formulas and Number

Formats

Values and Number Formats

Under the heading Operation

§None

§Add

§Subtract

§Multiply

§Divide

§Paste Link

PASTE SPECIAL OPTIONS

Formulas

This option would apply only if the cell we copied contained a formula. What this means is instead of the formatting and other attributes of the cell being Pasted, only the formula itself will be Pasted. To put this into some sort of context, imagine the cell containing any formula to be copied where the background colour of the cell is bright yellow, using Formulas would not Paste the background colour of the cell, just the formula. 

Values

Again, imagine a cell being copied that contained a formula where the result of that formula was the number 20 (or any other number). Choosing the Values option, would mean that we would only be Pasting the result of the formula into the destination cell and not the formula itself.

               FormatsPASTE SPECIAL OPTIONS

Using this option means you will not be Pasting the contents of the cell, but only the formatting.  Again, imagine a cell with a yellow background containing the number 100 (or any other data). On selecting this option, the destination cell would end up having a yellow background, but not the number 100.

Comments

This option applies to Cell Comments which will be covered in a later lesson.

Validation

This option applies to Cell Validation which will be covered in the Level 2 course.All except borders

Means all the cell contents and formatting excluding (without) borders would be Pasted. We will be looking at borders later.

PASTE SPECIAL OPTIONS

Column Widths

Means no content or formatting will be Pasted, except for the width of the column that the data was copied from.

Formulas and Number Formats

Using this option will Paste only formulas and all number formatting options.  Number formatting will be covered later.

Values and Number Formats

This will Paste only values and all number formatting options.

PASTE SPECIAL OPTIONS

The next part of the dialog box has a heading Operation

In order to demonstrate the options under this heading, type the number 2 into cell A1 and the number 10 in cell A2. Copy cell A1, then select cell A2 and again right click and select Paste Special

None / Add / Subtract / Multiply / Divide

None

This is exactly as the name implies and means None of the options under the heading operation will be applied. Even if this option and all the other options under Operation are not checked, which is the default, None would still apply.

PASTE SPECIAL OPTIONS

Add

Select the option Add and click OK. You will notice that Excel adds the copied number (in this case 2) to the value of the destination cell (which in this case is 10) to end up with a total of 12. In other words it adds a copied number to the destination cell.

Subtract

Again, to see this repeat the coping of cell A1 and again select cell A2 and right click and select Paste Special. This time, select Subtract and cell A2 will be have the number 2 subtracted from its value.

Multiply

It Multiplies the destination cell by the value of the copied data.

Divide

It Divides the destination cell by the value of the copied data.

PASTE SPECIAL OPTIONS

The other two options work in the following way:

Skip Blanks

Type any number into cell A1, any number in cell A2, leave cell A3 blank and again type any numbers in cells A4 and A5. Now in cell B1 to B5, type any numbers so that all cells are filled. Now select cell A1 holding down your left mouse button, drag down until cells A1 to A5 are highlighted.  Right click anywhere within A1:A5 and select Copy, select cells B1 to B5 in the same way, right click and select Paste Special. Select the bottom option Skip Blanks and click OK. What you will notice, is that Excel did not Paste the empty cell of A3 over the top of the value in B3. In other words, as the name implies it skipped the blanksTranspose

While you still have five values in cells B1:B5, highlight these cells, right click and select Copy, then select cell D1 choose Paste Special and select the option Transpose. Click OK. You will notice that Excel will have Pasted your rows of values into columns. In other words, instead of cells D1 to D5 having the values Pasted into them, you should have D1 to H1.

PASTE SPECIAL OPTIONS

Paste Link

The very last option is the Paste Link button located at the bottom right of the Paste Special dialogue box. To see this work, type any value in cell A1, Copy this cell then select any blank cell, right click, choose Paste Special and click Paste Link. You should notice that your destination cell will be showing the value, the same as your copied cell. If you look in your Formula Bar (located under your toolbars) you will see Excel has placed what is known as an Absolute Cell Reference Formula, ie; =$A$1.  It is the dollar symbols that have made the reference absolute. We will be discussing Absolute and Relative references in detail in a later lesson.

DELETING CELL(S), ROW(S) AND COLUMN(S)

DELETING CELL(S)

You can delete cell(s) in Excel very easily.

•     Select the cell that you want to delete



•     From the Edit menu choose Delete or right-click and select Delete option Excel will display a dialog box asking how you want to shift the remaining cells. 

•     Specify whether you want to shift cells. 

•     Click OK.  

DELETING ROW(S) AND COLUMN(S)

Similarly to delete row or column select entire row or column and follows the same rules to delete cell(s).  

 

Step 2 Other cells will shift up

Step 3 A new cell will be added to                 ,          the  end of the column.

INSERTING CELL(S), ROW(S) AND COLUMN(S)

When working in Excel, there are times that you may need to insert an entire new row, an entire new column or only a single cell.  Although the term Inserting gives the impression that you are actually adding another row, column or cell, you are in fact NOT. You may remember that in the first lesson we mentioned the fact that Excel has 256 columns, 65,536 rows and 1,677,216 cells per worksheet. These numbers are fixed, so technically we cannot add more. 

So when you insert a cell, row or column What Excel will do? Excel will shift the cell, row or column and will add the new cell, row or column into the this space and then will delete the last shifted cell, row or column. Total number of the cell, row and column will remain same.


How To Insert a cell

You can insert one cell in Excel very easily.

1.Select the cell near where you want to insert the new cell. 

2.From the Insert menu choose Cells or right-click and select Insert. Excel will display a dialog box asking how you want to shift the remaining cells. 

3.Specify whether you want to shift cells. 

4.Click OK. 

How To Insert a Entire Column or Row

An inserted row goes above the row you select, while an inserted column goes to the left of the selected column.

1.    Select the row to the right or column above where you want to insert a new row or column. You can use the column and row heading buttons to select entire columns and rows. 

2.    Right click on the column or row heading and Click Insert. 

4. You do not need to specify where to shift cells.


If we want to insert more than one cell, row or column at a time, we simply select the appropriate number of rows, cells or columns before using Insert either via the menu option or the right click Shortcut menu. For example, if you select four entire rows, then right clicked and selected Insert, you would be inserting four new empty rows.

Finally, just to stress my point that we are not technically adding more rows, columns or cells, go to cell IV1, by either typing the cell reference in the Name box to the immediate left of the Formula Bar, or push F5 and type IV1 in the Reference: box. Type any data into cell IV1 and now push Ctrl + Home to take yourself back to cell A1. Select any entire column, right click and choose Insert.  You will see that Excel will display a warning letting you know that it cannot shift non blank cells off the Worksheet. This is because we have data in cell IV1. So, as you can see, Excel isn’t really adding an extra column, it is simply moving the last one off the Worksheet before inserting a new one.  Press OK to cancel out of the warning box.

WORKSHEET OPERATIONS

WORKSHEETS

All Workbooks must contain at least one Worksheet. The maximum number of

Worksheets a Workbook can contain is limited only by the available memory of the PC. As a default, Excel places three blank Worksheets in front of you. Each one of these has the default name Sheet1, Sheet2, Sheet3 at the bottom. 

NOTE: You can change the default of three blank Worksheets by going to File >Options/General and enter the number of the sheets

in the box “Include this many Sheets in new workbook”.

Each separate rectangle within the Worksheet is called a Cell. You will notice letters across the top of your Worksheet. These are the names of the columns and go from A through to IV. The numbers down the left hand side of your sheet of graph paper symbolize row headings labeled with numbers.   

INSERTING WORKSHEET

Adding new Worksheets to a Workbook can be done in a number of ways.  The most common are:

• click “Insert Worksheet” button

•Right click on any Sheet name tab and select Insert and then select Worksheet

• Shift + F11

DELETING WORKSHEET

The logical opposite to inserting Worksheets is Deleting them.

This can be done in any of the following ways.

Right click on the Worksheets name tab and select Delete or

In Home tab, select Delete and click Delete Sheet

NAMING WORKSHEETS

To name a Worksheet we can do so with any of the most methods below:

•   Double click the Worksheet Name tab. This will allow you to now type the name. Once finished, push Enter or click any cell.  •  Right click on the Worksheet Name tab and select Rename from the shortcut menu. Then type the name and hit Enter or click somewhere else on your Worksheet.  

You can give any name to your worksheets. The only restrictions we have with Worksheet names is:

•   They cannot exceed 31 characters. 

•   They cannot contain the following characters: \ / ? * [ ]. 

•   The name cannot be the same as another Worksheet in the Workbook. 

MOVING OR COPYING A WORKSHEET

1st WAY

COPYING A WORKSHEET

Select the Sheet you want to copy then left click on the name tab and holding down the Ctrl key drag it to one side, then release. 

MOVING A WORKSHEET

Simply click the Worksheet Name tab, then holding down the mouse button drag it to it's new position and release.  

 

 

You will see also on this dialogue box CompuLab Central                               a To

book: box with a small drop arrow to the right. The selection in this box will determine where our sheet will be moved or copied to.  The default name in this box will be the active Workbook name (the current Workbook we are in).  There will also always be another choice, if we click the drop arrow. This is (new book), if we choose this option Excel will automatically make a new Workbook for the sheet to be moved or copied to. Within this box will also be the names of any other open Workbooks, should there be any. 

Directly below the To book: box is the Before sheet: box. Our selection in this box will decide which position our sheet will be moved or copied to. Last of all is the Create a copy checkbox.  If we check this box Excel will create a copy of our moved Worksheet. In other words our original sheet will remain where it is and a copy of it will be moved to our chosen location.  If we leave it unchecked (which is the default) the Worksheet will be moved and not copied. 

CompuLab Central

SELECTING MULTIPLE WORKSHEETS

To select the adjacent worksheets

Click the starting worksheet tab, hold down the SHIFT key then click the last sheet in your range you wish to select.

To select the non-adjacent worksheets

Click the first worksheet tab, hold down the CTRL key then click the other worksheet tabs one by one.

CompuLab Central

CHANGING THE ACTIVE WORKSHEET

•      Click the worksheet tabs

•      Use worksheet navigation buttons

•      Use CTRL + Page up or 

           CTRL + Page down keys.



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